Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to assess the available scientific, technical, and socio-economic information in the field of climate change. The IPCC is organized into three working groups:
1. WGI responsible for assessing available information on the science of climate change, in particular that arising from human activities;
2. WGII to assess available technical, environmental, social and economic information regarding impacts of climate change and response options to adapt to and/or mitigate climate change;
3. WGIII to deal with cross-cutting economic and other issues (e.g. development and assessments of emissions scenarios) related to climate change.
21 CHAPTERS AND PROGRAMME AREAS OF PARTICULAR FOCUS OR INTEREST:
Collection, Observation, Monitoring
For the Third Assessment Report, Working Group I has assessed the scientific aspects of the climate system and climate change; Working Group II has assessed the scientific, technical, environmental, economic and social aspects of the vulnerability (sensitivity and adaptability) to climate change of, and the negative and positive consequences (impacts) for, ecological systems, socio-economic sectors and human health, with an emphasis on regional sectoral and cross-sectoral issues; and Working Group III has assessed the scientific, technical, environmental, economic and social aspects of the mitigation of climate change, and through a task group (multidisciplinary team), has assessed the methodological aspects of cross-cutting issues (e.g., equity, discount rates and decision making frameworks). The Synthesis Report provides a policy-relevant synthesis and integration of the three Working Group Reports.
For more information on IPCC as a scientific advisory process see the background profile.
Cooperation with other organizations
Technical Papers are initiated
at the request of the bodies of the Conference of the Parties (COP) of
the Climate Change Convention and agreed by the IPCC Bureau, or as decided
by the IPCC. They are based on material already in IPCC Assessment Reports
and Special Reports and are written by Lead Authors chosen for the purpose.
They undergo simultaneous expert and government reviews. Past Technical
Users are the UN Framework Conventiion on Climate Change (FCCC), international and national decision-makers.
Information is provided for decision-makers via the IPCC Synthesis Report
Office/Person (for inquiries or follow-up):
Earthwatch Focal Point
COVERAGE OF AGENDA 21 PROGRAMME AREAS
Check list - mark (X) areas of major focus or minor interest
ORGANIZATION: WMO/UNEP Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
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