Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
Energy & Environment Information
The programme is part
of UNIDO's response to Agenda 21 providing a service to industry and
industrial institutions in developing countries, related headquarters
programmes and projects, as well as to UNIDO field staff. The activities
concentrate on the issue of clean technologies' information dissemination
to member states in close cooperation with the National Cleaner Production
Centre (NCPC) and Environmentally Sustainable Industrial Development
(ESID) programmes and projects.
AGENDA 21 CHAPTERS AND PROGRAMME AREAS OF PARTICULAR FOCUS OR INTEREST:
See check list in annex.
BRIEF DESCRIPTIONS OF AND LINKS TO INFORMATION ACTIVITIES:
Collection, Observation, Monitoring
Data collection primarily
through UNIDO technical assistance and related activities in and for
developing countries, but also through network contacts, questionnaires
and external contacts. Data source primarily from sources which relate
to or deal directly with industry and its associations.
Data gathered on first level-industrial (Chapter 30) and in this respect
information for decision-making (Chapter 40); related levels-technology
transfer (Chapter 34), chemical safety (Chapter19), protecting the atmosphere
(Chapter 9); currently to a lesser extent - water (Chapters 17 &
18) and wastes (Chapters 20 & 21). Global coverage.
For coordination of data collecion within the organization, it is connected
to the NCPC, ESID and energy programmes run by the Environment Branch
as well as to the chemical activities run by the Chemical Branch. Outside
of the organization, there are cooperative efforts with UNEP/Infoterra
and UNEP/IE (the latter in relation to Cleaner Production), with INEM
and several NGOs. Within the chemical sector, discussions are underway
with UNITAR, UNEP Chemicals and OECD in relation to pollutant registries.
Methodologies, Quality Control, Harmonization
INTIB has a standardized Information Resource Management System for
the programme. Harmonization also means that the data is "exchangeable"
with other systems.
As regards quality control, it should be noted that the type of data
collected is not numerical/statistical, rather referral and techno-economic.
The latter type is quality controlled through the technical activities
of the organization.
Area of assessment and analysis forms part of the activities for "Data
collection..." above (Chapter 9).
Cooperation with other organisations to be carried out together with
UNFCC Secretariat, International Energy Agency, possibly UNDP/GEF as
well as with the Stockholm Environment Institute.
Techniques used: energy efficient technologies, their energy usage and
economic aspects (i.e. Best Available Technologies (BAT) benchmarks)
are collected by energy experts and fed into the system. There are automated
analyses which then compare user-provided input baseline plant-level
data with the benchmarks to provide scenarios for the user.
Just starting with a system for "modelling" options for energy efficiency
in industry related to UNFCC, which is a mix of inventories, models
and expert systems.
Expert Systems/Decision-support systems
See "Modelling" above.
Dissemination via printed
matter, electronic and WWW. Users are mainly Governments.
Programme requires dissemination coordination via decentralized partners
in developing countries i.e."brokers" that have more direct access to
end-users, especially small and medium size enterprises. Information
brokerage pilot programmes were run in Thailand and Peru and will continue
to be a key element for dissemination.
Meta-inventories of relevant information and more recently of energy
efficient technologies exist. INTIB also maintains a database of abstracts
for 25 years of its own reports related to industrial development.
To promote the use of pilot activities, seminars and training courses
were held on the availability and use of sources of information. Promotion
of information use is considered best undertaken as part of technical
programmes where the users have clearly identifiable needs and where
technical/sectoral advisors are present to intrepret the data and to
add the value needed of decision-makers.
For decision-makers, the previously mentioned activity on energy efficiency
includes a decision-support tool i.e. information is presented on the
techno-economic aspects of BATs (with some brief references). The tool
allows the users to enter their baseline data together with several
scenarios of changing their industrial processes. Automated procedures
then run to show the technical and economic implications of those changes.
Network Development and Support
Networks managed are INTIB, NCPC, ESID, Investment Promotion, plus several
INTIB in itself is a coordinated network dealing with networking for
technology and business, including interlinked business and investment
networks. It is planned to integrate the NCPC network more closely with
INTIB in the future.
Primarily, interaction with other networks is with those that are run
formally or informally through Agenda 21, Chapters 9, 19 and 34.
Decison-makers' use of the information is expected to start in 1997
with seminars, to be followed by specific training in the energy efficient
tools for non-Annex I countries to the UNFCCC.
Training has been provided mostly in dissemination in the past, but
future will also concentrate on these in relation to decision-makers'
use of information.
The first activity in this programme in 1990 was the preparation of
a guide to relevant sources of information - this has since been an
ongoing activity. It has become clear that there is a major gap in plant/technology-level,
materials balances benchmark data, as well as a gap in such data from
the actual performance of developing country operations/processes as
a baseline for comparison with the benchmarks. This is a challenge being
addressed in a pilot manner with the activities related to the energy
Please refer to the site outline on the home page for details.
Office/Person (for inquiries or follow-up):
Mr Peter Pembleton
P.O. Box 300 - VIC
Tel: +43 1 21131/3705
Fax: +43 1 21131/6843
Earthwatch Focal Point
12 March 1997