United Nations System-Wide

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

INTIB Energy & Environment Information

The programme is part of UNIDO's response to Agenda 21 providing a service to industry and industrial institutions in developing countries, related headquarters programmes and projects, as well as to UNIDO field staff. The activities concentrate on the issue of clean technologies' information dissemination to member states in close cooperation with the National Cleaner Production Centre (NCPC) and Environmentally Sustainable Industrial Development (ESID) programmes and projects.

See check list in annex.


Data Collection, Observation, Monitoring

Data collection primarily through UNIDO technical assistance and related activities in and for developing countries, but also through network contacts, questionnaires and external contacts. Data source primarily from sources which relate to or deal directly with industry and its associations.

Data gathered on first level-industrial (Chapter 30) and in this respect information for decision-making (Chapter 40); related levels-technology transfer (Chapter 34), chemical safety (Chapter19), protecting the atmosphere (Chapter 9); currently to a lesser extent - water (Chapters 17 & 18) and wastes (Chapters 20 & 21). Global coverage.

For coordination of data collecion within the organization, it is connected to the NCPC, ESID and energy programmes run by the Environment Branch as well as to the chemical activities run by the Chemical Branch. Outside of the organization, there are cooperative efforts with UNEP/Infoterra and UNEP/IE (the latter in relation to Cleaner Production), with INEM and several NGOs. Within the chemical sector, discussions are underway with UNITAR, UNEP Chemicals and OECD in relation to pollutant registries.

Methodologies, Quality Control, Harmonization
INTIB has a standardized Information Resource Management System for the programme. Harmonization also means that the data is "exchangeable" with other systems.

As regards quality control, it should be noted that the type of data collected is not numerical/statistical, rather referral and techno-economic. The latter type is quality controlled through the technical activities of the organization.

Assessment and Analysis
Area of assessment and analysis forms part of the activities for "Data collection..." above (Chapter 9).

Cooperation with other organisations to be carried out together with UNFCC Secretariat, International Energy Agency, possibly UNDP/GEF as well as with the Stockholm Environment Institute.

Techniques used: energy efficient technologies, their energy usage and economic aspects (i.e. Best Available Technologies (BAT) benchmarks) are collected by energy experts and fed into the system. There are automated analyses which then compare user-provided input baseline plant-level data with the benchmarks to provide scenarios for the user.


Just starting with a system for "modelling" options for energy efficiency in industry related to UNFCC, which is a mix of inventories, models and expert systems.

Expert Systems/Decision-support systems
See "Modelling" above.

Early Warning Mechanisms

Reports/Information dissemination

Dissemination via printed matter, electronic and WWW. Users are mainly Governments.

Programme requires dissemination coordination via decentralized partners in developing countries i.e."brokers" that have more direct access to end-users, especially small and medium size enterprises. Information brokerage pilot programmes were run in Thailand and Peru and will continue to be a key element for dissemination.

Meta-inventories of relevant information and more recently of energy efficient technologies exist. INTIB also maintains a database of abstracts for 25 years of its own reports related to industrial development.

To promote the use of pilot activities, seminars and training courses were held on the availability and use of sources of information. Promotion of information use is considered best undertaken as part of technical programmes where the users have clearly identifiable needs and where technical/sectoral advisors are present to intrepret the data and to add the value needed of decision-makers.

For decision-makers, the previously mentioned activity on energy efficiency includes a decision-support tool i.e. information is presented on the techno-economic aspects of BATs (with some brief references). The tool allows the users to enter their baseline data together with several scenarios of changing their industrial processes. Automated procedures then run to show the technical and economic implications of those changes.

Network Development and Support
Networks managed are INTIB, NCPC, ESID, Investment Promotion, plus several sector-specific ones.

INTIB in itself is a coordinated network dealing with networking for technology and business, including interlinked business and investment networks. It is planned to integrate the NCPC network more closely with INTIB in the future.

Primarily, interaction with other networks is with those that are run formally or informally through Agenda 21, Chapters 9, 19 and 34.

Decison-makers' use of the information is expected to start in 1997 with seminars, to be followed by specific training in the energy efficient tools for non-Annex I countries to the UNFCCC.

Training has been provided mostly in dissemination in the past, but future will also concentrate on these in relation to decision-makers' use of information.

The first activity in this programme in 1990 was the preparation of a guide to relevant sources of information - this has since been an ongoing activity. It has become clear that there is a major gap in plant/technology-level, materials balances benchmark data, as well as a gap in such data from the actual performance of developing country operations/processes as a baseline for comparison with the benchmarks. This is a challenge being addressed in a pilot manner with the activities related to the energy efficiency tools.

Internet Access

http://www.unido.org Please refer to the site outline on the home page for details.

Responsible Office/Person (for inquiries or follow-up):
Mr Peter Pembleton
P.O. Box 300 - VIC
A-1400 Vienna
Tel: +43 1 21131/3705
Fax: +43 1 21131/6843

Earthwatch Focal Point

Date of preparation: 12 March 1997

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Check list - mark (X) areas of major or minor focus.

ORGANIZATION: United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO): INTIB Energy & Environment Information

Chapter 9. Atmosphere
9B. Sust energy, transport, industry, resources
Chapter 19. Toxic chemicals
19C. Information exchange
Chapter 20. Hazardous wastes
20A. Prevention/minimization
Chapter 21. Solid wastes/sewage
21A. Minimizing wastes
21B. Reuse, recycling
21C. Disposal, treatment
Chapter 30. Business and industry
30A. Cleaner production
Chapter 34. Technology transfer
Chapter 37. Capacity-building
Chapter 40. Information
40A. Bridging the data gap
40B. Improving availability

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UN System-wide Earthwatch Coordination, Geneva