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ISLAND DIRECTORY

Islands of United States of America



Adak     [442]
Group: Andreanof Islands, Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 51.80º NLong: 176.67º W
Area: 725.4 sq. km   Altitude: 1195 m   Shoreline: 282.6 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Admiralty     [204]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 57.72º NLong: 134.25º W
Area: 4362.1 sq. km   Altitude: 1477 m   Shoreline: 973.0 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: continental

Afognak (Afoginak)    [448]
Group: Archipelago: Kodiak Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 58.25º NLong: 152.50º W
Area: 1809.2 sq. km   Altitude: 793 m   Shoreline: 558.1 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Agattu     [418]
Group: Near Islands, Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 52.43º NLong: 173.60º W
Area: 233.5 sq. km   Altitude: 634 m   Shoreline: 96.0 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Akun     [403]
   Group: Fox Islands   Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
   Country: United States - Alaska
Lat: 54.20º N   Long : 165.55º W
Area: 167.7 sq. km   Altitude: 793 m
Shoreline: 105.3 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.6279
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 50 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 250 km    Isolation Index: 25
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 01/08/88

Akutan     [1696]
   Group: Fox Islands   Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
   Country: United States - Alaska
Lat: 54.17º N   Long : 166.00º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: 4275 m
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 15 km   group: 60 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 160 km    Isolation Index: 24
ISLAND TYPE: active volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 11/02/89

Amchitka     [422]
Group: Rat Islands, Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 51.47º NLong: 179.06º W
Area: 308.6 sq. km   Altitude: 373 m   Shoreline: 181.2 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Amlia     [434]
Group: Andreanof Islands, Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 52.08º NLong: 173.50º W
Area: 459.1 sq. km   Altitude: 639 m   Shoreline: 234.0 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Anacapa     [1690]
   Group: Archipelago: California Channel Islands
   Country: United States - California
Lat: 34.00º N   Long : 119.37º W
Area: 2.9 sq. km   Altitude: 279 m
Shoreline: 16.3 km (scale 1:)   Coastal Index: 5.6207
Depth to nearest land: >201 m
Nearest island: 6 km   group: 18 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 18 km    Isolation Index: 11
ISLAND TYPE: continental      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Highly weathered Miocene volcanic (Cenozoic - 24-38 million years old) and sedimentary rocks, uplifted by faulting; an extension of the Santa Monica mountains
CLIMATE: dry  temperate  0-32C, ave.16C, 200mm
WATER BALANCE: dry
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: drought, fire, oil spill (1969)
   Threat Indicator: 3
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 2
Grassland, coastal sage scrub, coastal bluffs; rocky shores, kelp beds with Macrocystis
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  262 0 1
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 3 0 0
Land birds 31 0 1
Mammals 1 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: 262 species, 17 group endemics Coreopsis gigantea (Coreopsis) rare Reptiles/amphibians: 1 salamander 2 lizards Birds: 31 species plus many migrants, 8 group endemics Pelecanus occidentalis (California Brown Pelican) only breeding site, endangered Mammals: 1 native land mammal Deer Mouse, group endemic California Sea Lion Harbor Seal
SPECIES RICHNESS:
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 3
moderate
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
    26 group endemics
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 4   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery sea lion and harbor seal
  only Brown Pelican rookery on west coast; Chumash archaeological sites
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 3
  Rattus rattus, ice plant, grasses
Mesembryanthemum crystallinum (Crystalline Iceplant)
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, park wardens
  Population: 3 (1989)   Density: 1.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 0.0%/yr   Stable
  Major Human Activities: tourism
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Visited by Chumash indians; leased beginning 1902, sheep ranching; Coast Guard station; National Park Service facility   Annual tourist arrivals: 60000
Conservation support: tenure, government & public support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 7  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 2.7 sq. km    Marine: 14 sq. km
Channel Islands National Park (1,727 ha); Marine Sanctuary
DATA RELIABILITY: good    Data Rel. Indicator: 3
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 3
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 14   High
CI-Marine: 10   Moderate
REFERENCES:
Channel Islands National Park. 1989. Data sheets for Anacapa, Santa Barbara, Santa Rosa, San Miguel.
Last updated: 07/05/89

Annette     [426]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 55.12º NLong: 131.48º W
Area: 342.2 sq. km   Altitude: 1095 m   Shoreline: 146.2 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Atka     [444]
Group: Andreanof Islands, Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 52.17º NLong: 174.50º W
Area: 1061.4 sq. km   Altitude: 1532 m   Shoreline: 478.0 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Attu     [443]
Group: Near Islands, Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 52.72º NLong: 172.95º W
Area: 896.4 sq. km   Altitude: 944 m   Shoreline: 235.3 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Augustine     [1151]
   Group:
   Country: United States - Alaska   Region: Cook Inlet
Lat: 59.35º N   Long : 153.42º W
Area: 86.5 sq. km   Altitude: 1372 m
Shoreline: 44.1 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.5098
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 12 km   group: 12 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 12 km    Isolation Index: 10
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 21/08/88

Baker     [386]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 55.38º NLong: 133.55º W
Area: 115.1 sq. km   Altitude: 696 m   Shoreline: 97.4 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Baker     [1859]
   Group: Howland and Baker   Archipelago: Phoenix Islands
   Country: United States - Howland and Baker   Region: Oceania 15
Lat: 0.20º N   Long : 176.47º W
Area: 1.2 sq. km   Altitude: 8 m
Depth to nearest land: 5000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 4500 km    Isolation Index: 104
ISLAND TYPE: low coral      Natural Protection Indicator: 1
CLIMATE: dry  tropical  very low rainfall
WATER BALANCE: drought
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: drought
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 1
Grass and low scrub with 15 herbaceous plants; fringing reefs (CRD)
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 98%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  6 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES RICHNESS:
few
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
    none
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery green turtles reported
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 1
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, formerly inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: wildlife refuge
  Accessibility: airport
Conservation support: tenure, government support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 7  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 1.2 sq. km    Marine: 116 sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY: old    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 3   Low
CI-Marine: 3   Low
Last updated: 06/05/89

Baranof     [454]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 56.95º NLong: 135.00º W
Area: 4064.5 sq. km   Altitude: 1634 m   Shoreline: 1062.8 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Chichagof     [457]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 57.84º NLong: 135.67º W
Area: 5388.0 sq. km   Altitude: 1190 m   Shoreline: 1157.6 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Chuginadak     [402]
Group: Islands of the Four Mountains, Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 52.84º NLong: 169.84º W
Area: 167.4 sq. km   Altitude: 1730 m   Shoreline: 78.0 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: active volcanic

Dall     [439]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 54.95º NLong: 133.00º W
Area: 655.2 sq. km   Altitude: 948 m   Shoreline: 371.5 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Deer     [396]
   Group: Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
   Country: United States - Alaska
Lat: 54.72º N   Long : 162.32º W
Area: 151.7 sq. km   Altitude: 628 m
Shoreline: 53.9 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.3553
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 10 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 10 km    Isolation Index: 9
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 01/08/88

Dolgoi     [384]
   Group: Shumagin Islands   Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
   Country: United States - Alaska
Lat: 55.12º N   Long : 161.85º W
Area: 107.4 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Shoreline: 75.0 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.6983
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 2 km   group: 10 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 10 km    Isolation Index: 8
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 01/08/88

Duke     [395]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 54.95º NLong: 131.34º W
Area: 149.4 sq. km   Altitude: 542 m   Shoreline: 103.6 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Esther     [390]
   Group:
   Country: United States - Alaska
Lat: 60.86º N   Long : 148.02º W
Area: 133.4 sq. km   Altitude: 305 m
Shoreline: 236.9 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 1.7759
Depth to nearest land: <100 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 2 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 2 km    Isolation Index: 6
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 01/08/88

Etolin     [182]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 56.15º NLong: 132.36º W
Area: 869.9 sq. km   Altitude: 1204 m   Shoreline: 294.8 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Evans     [1148]
Group:
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 60.08º NLong: 148.02º W Region: Prince William Sound
Area: 77.4 sq. km   Altitude: ? m Shoreline: 66.2 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Farallon Islands     [1692]
   Group: Farallon Islands
   Country: United States - California
Lat: 37.67º N   Long : 123.00º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: <200 m
Nearest island: 35 km   group: 35 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 35 km    Isolation Index: 18
ISLAND TYPE: continental      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE:   temperate 
ECOSYSTEMS:           

SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Conservation support: tenure, government & public support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 0.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 3   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 10/02/89

Galveston     [1978]
   Group:
   Country: United States - Texas   Region: Gulf of Mexico
Lat: 29.22º N   Long : 94.91º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 1 km   group: 2 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 2 km    Isolation Index: 4
ISLAND TYPE: continental      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, city of Galveston
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Accessibility: port, airport
Last updated: 04/08/90

Gravina     [140]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 55.30º NLong: 131.75º W
Area: 244.9 sq. km   Altitude: 832 m   Shoreline: 106.6 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: continental

Great Sitkin     [400]
Group: Andreanof Islands, Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 52.06º NLong: 176.08º W
Area: 155.6 sq. km   Altitude: 1739 m   Shoreline: 64.8 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: active volcanic

Hagemeister   - including Walrus Islands, Round Island    [425]
   Group:
   Country: United States - Alaska   Region: Bering Sea
Lat: 58.64º N   Long : 160.95º W
Area: 312.4 sq. km   Altitude: 543 m
Shoreline: 108.3 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.3467
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 5 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 5 km    Isolation Index: 7
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  Round Island important walrus colony
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 0.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 0   Low
Last updated: 11/02/89

Hawaii     [460]
Group: Archipelago: Hawaiian Islands
Country: United States - Hawaii: Pacific
Lat: 19.50º NLong: 155.50º W
Area: 10434.0 sq. km   Altitude: 4169 m   Shoreline: 473.8 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic

Hawkins     [407]
Group:
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 60.52º NLong: 146.00º W Region: Prince William Sound
Area: 174.5 sq. km   Altitude: 565 m   Shoreline: 98.5 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Heceta     [409]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 55.85º NLong: 133.58º W
Area: 181.0 sq. km   Altitude: 847 m   Shoreline: 96.0 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Hinchinbrook     [433]
Group:
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 60.70º NLong: 146.38º W Region: Prince William Sound
Area: 442.0 sq. km   Altitude: 887 m   Shoreline: 181.7 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Howland     [1858]
   Group: Howland and Baker   Archipelago: Phoenix Islands
   Country: United States - Howland and Baker   Region: Oceania 15
Lat: 0.80º N   Long : 176.63º W
Area: 1.5 sq. km   Altitude: 7 m
Depth to nearest land: 5000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Australia    Distance: 4500 km    Isolation Index: 104
ISLAND TYPE: low coral      Natural Protection Indicator: 1
CLIMATE: dry  tropical 
WATER BALANCE: intermittent drought
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: drought
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 1
Grass and low scrub with 6 vascular plants including Corda; fringing reefs 100 m wide (CRD)
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 98%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  6 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES RICHNESS:
few
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
    none
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery green turtles reported
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 4
  feral cats have decimated Phoenix Petrel
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, formerly inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: wildlife refuge
  Accessibility: airport
Conservation support: tenure, government support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 7  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 1.5 sq. km    Marine: 119 sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY: old    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 4
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 3   Low
CI-Marine: 3   Low
Last updated: 06/05/89

Jarvis     [1857]
   Group: Archipelago: Line Islands
   Country: United States - Jarvis   Region: Oceania 15
Lat: 0.38º S   Long : 160.03º W
Area: 4.4 sq. km   Altitude: 8 m
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 350 km   group: 1500 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 5000 km    Isolation Index: 128
ISLAND TYPE: low coral      Natural Protection Indicator: 4
CLIMATE:   tropical 
WATER BALANCE: intermittent drought
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: drought
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 1
Atoll scrub; fringing reefs 100 m wide
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 98%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  8 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 0 0 0
Mammals 0 0 0

SPECIES RICHNESS:
few
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
    none
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery green turtles reported
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 1
  feral cats eliminated 1983
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, formerly inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: wildlife refuge
Conservation support: tenure, government support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 7  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 4.4 sq. km    Marine: 152 sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY: old    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 6   Moderate
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 06/05/89

Johnston     [1680]
   Group: Johnston Island
   Country: United States - Johnston Island
Lat: 16.75º N   Long : 169.53º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 900 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 4000 km    Isolation Index: 123
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: chemical spills
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           

   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: military, chemical weapons storage, and incineration
  Accessibility: port, airport
Conservation support: tenure
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 1   Low
Last updated: 06/02/89

Kagalaska     [388]
Group: Andreanof Islands, Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 51.82º NLong: 176.36º W
Area: 116.4 sq. km   Altitude: 760 m   Shoreline: 72.0 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Kahoolawe     [385]
Group: Archipelago: Hawaiian Islands
Country: United States - Hawaii: Pacific
Lat: 20.55º NLong: 156.65º W Region: Oceania
Area: 113.3 sq. km   Altitude: 450 m   Shoreline: 52.2 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic

Kanaga     [429]
Group: Andreanof Islands, Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 51.78º NLong: 177.28º W
Area: 368.6 sq. km   Altitude: 1305 m   Shoreline: 171.5 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Kauai     [445]
Group: Archipelago: Hawaiian Islands
Country: United States - Hawaii: Pacific
Lat: 22.50º NLong: 159.50º W
Area: 1434.6 sq. km   Altitude: 1598 m   Shoreline: 155.9 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic

Kayak     [1147]
   Group:
   Country: United States - Alaska
Lat: 59.92º N   Long : 144.43º W
Area: 76.9 sq. km   Altitude: 494 m
Shoreline: 71.2 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.9259
Depth to nearest land: <100 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 2 km   group: 2 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 2 km    Isolation Index: 4
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 21/08/88

Kiska     [421]
Group: Rat Islands, Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 53.00º NLong: 177.53º W
Area: 277.9 sq. km   Altitude: 1219 m   Shoreline: 146.2 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: active volcanic

Knight     [420]
Group:
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 60.34º NLong: 147.70º W Region: Prince William Sound
Area: 260.3 sq. km   Altitude: 946 m   Shoreline: 235.2 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Kodiak     [1695]
Group: Archipelago: Kodiak Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 57.33º NLong: 153.67º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: continental

Korovin     [1145]
   Group: Shumagin Islands   Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
   Country: United States - Alaska
Lat: 55.42º N   Long : 160.22º W
Area: 66.2 sq. km   Altitude: 551 m
Shoreline: 45.5 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.6873
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 10 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 10 km    Isolation Index: 9
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 21/08/88

Kosciusko     [432]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 56.08º NLong: 133.50º W
Area: 437.7 sq. km   Altitude: 819 m   Shoreline: 167.7 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Kruzof     [431]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 57.17º NLong: 135.75º W
Area: 435.3 sq. km   Altitude: 975 m   Shoreline: 144.5 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Kuiu     [450]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 56.45º NLong: 134.00º W
Area: 1961.7 sq. km   Altitude: 1081 m   Shoreline: 787.6 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Kupreanof     [452]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 56.75º NLong: 133.36º W
Area: 2813.3 sq. km   Altitude: 1203 m   Shoreline: 464.4 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Lanai     [428]
Group: Archipelago: Hawaiian Islands
Country: United States - Hawaii: Pacific
Lat: 20.85º NLong: 156.95º W
Area: 358.4 sq. km   Altitude: 1027 m   Shoreline: 77.8 km (scale 1:2500000)
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic

Latouche     [1146]
Group:
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 60.01º NLong: 147.75º W Region: Prince William Sound
Area: 74.8 sq. km   Altitude: 686 m   Shoreline: 47.5 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Laysan     [1472]
   Group: Archipelago: Hawaiian Islands
   Country: United States - Hawaii   Region: Oceania
Lat: 25.77º N   Long : 171.73º W
Area: 4.0 sq. km   Altitude: 15 m
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 220 km   group: 2500 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 3200 km    Isolation Index: 121
ISLAND TYPE: low coral      Natural Protection Indicator: 4
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 2
Fringing coral reefs
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 2   Marine: 1
  seabird rookery, turtle nesting area, monk seal
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 5
  tobacco, rabbits
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, visited occasionally
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Conservation support: tenure, government support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 7  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 4.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 5
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 9   Moderate
CI-Marine: 13   Moderate
Last updated: 28/07/90

Little Diomede     [1700]
   Group: Archipelago: Diomede Islands
   Country: United States - Alaska   Region: Bering Sea
Lat: 65.78º N   Long : 169.00º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: < 50 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 6 km   group: 35 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 35 km    Isolation Index: 14
ISLAND TYPE: continental      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 2   Low
Last updated: 11/02/89

Long     [387]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 54.87º NLong: 132.75º W
Area: 115.3 sq. km   Altitude: 442 m   Shoreline: 96.6 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Long     [1970]
   Group:
   Country: United States - New York
Lat: 40.83º N   Long : 73.00º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: < 50 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 1 km   group: 1 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 1 km    Isolation Index: 3
ISLAND TYPE: continental      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   temperate 
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, city of New York suburbs
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Habitat: highly urbanized in part   Urban Pop:Urban Indicator: 0
  Accessibility: port, airport
Last updated: 04/08/90

Lulu     [1149]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 55.48º NLong: 133.50º W
Area: 78.1 sq. km   Altitude: 503 m   Shoreline: 40.0 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Manhatten     [1969]
   Group:
   Country: United States - New York
Lat: 40.78º N   Long : 73.97º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: < 50 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
ISLAND TYPE: continental
CLIMATE:   temperate 
ECOSYSTEMS:           
   Percent of land: Forested: 0%  Developed: 99%  Degraded: 0%
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, city of New York
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Habitat: highly urbanized   Urban Pop:Urban Indicator: 0
  Accessibility: port
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 10
Last updated: 04/08/90

Marsh     [1974]
   Group:
   Country: United States - Louisiana   Region: Gulf of Mexico
Lat: 29.55º N   Long : 91.87º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 2 km   group: 2 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 2 km    Isolation Index: 4
ISLAND TYPE: continental      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 04/08/90

Martha's Vineyard     [1972]
   Group:
   Country: United States - Massachusetts
Lat: 41.40º N   Long : 70.63º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: < 50 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 4 km   group: 5 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 5 km    Isolation Index: 6
ISLAND TYPE: continental      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   temperate 
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Accessibility: port
Last updated: 04/08/90

Matagorda     [1977]
   Group:
   Country: United States - Texas   Region: Gulf of Mexico
Lat: 28.22º N   Long : 96.64º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 1 km   group: 3 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 3 km    Isolation Index: 4
ISLAND TYPE: continental      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 04/08/90

Maui     [449]
Group: Archipelago: Hawaiian Islands
Country: United States - Hawaii: Pacific
Lat: 20.75º NLong: 156.25º W
Area: 1903.3 sq. km   Altitude: 3052 m   Shoreline: 218.6 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic

Midway   - including Eastern, Sand    [1679]
   Group: Midway Islands
   Country: United States - Midway Islands
Lat: 28.20º N   Long : 177.40º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 100 km   group: 2000 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3200 km    Isolation Index: 111
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 2 main islands      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           
Windward and leeward atoll reefs, patch reefs, lagoon
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: military, naval base
  Accessibility: port, airport
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 4   Low
Last updated: 06/02/89

Mitkof     [437]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 56.65º NLong: 132.84º W
Area: 546.0 sq. km   Altitude: 1011 m   Shoreline: 141.3 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Molokai     [440]
Group: Archipelago: Hawaiian Islands
Country: United States - Hawaii: Pacific
Lat: 21.15º NLong: 157.00º W
Area: 677.9 sq. km   Altitude: 1515 m   Shoreline: 154.1 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic

Montague     [441]
Group:
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 60.08º NLong: 147.36º W Region: Prince William Sound
Area: 722.3 sq. km   Altitude: 913 m   Shoreline: 283.4 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Nagai     [424]
Group: Shumagin Islands, Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 55.08º NLong: 160.00º W
Area: 310.1 sq. km   Altitude: 561 m   Shoreline: 234.9 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Nantucket   - including Tuckernuck, Muskeget    [1973]
   Group:
   Country: United States - Massachusetts
Lat: 41.28º N   Long : 70. 8º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: < 50 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 16 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 16 km    Isolation Index: 11
ISLAND TYPE: continental      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE:   temperate 
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Accessibility: port
Last updated: 04/08/90

Navassa     [1558]
Group: Archipelago: Greater Antilles
Country: United States - Navassa Island: Atlantic
Lat: 18.40º NLong: 75.03º W Region: Caribbean Sea
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE:

Nihoa     [1476]
   Group: Archipelago: Hawaiian Islands
   Country: United States - Hawaii   Region: Oceania
Lat: 23. 7º N   Long : 161.92º W
Area: 0.8 sq. km   Altitude: 277 m
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 200 km   group: 2000 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 3600 km    Isolation Index: 119
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 5
ECOSYSTEMS:           

ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, visited occasionally by scientists
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Conservation support: tenure, government support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 7  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 0.8 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 9   Moderate
CI-Marine: 8   Moderate
Last updated: 28/07/90

Niihau     [410]
Group: Archipelago: Hawaiian Islands
Country: United States - Hawaii: Pacific
Lat: 21.90º NLong: 160.15º W
Area: 182.8 sq. km   Altitude: 390 m   Shoreline: 72.8 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic

Noyes     [1155]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 55.50º NLong: 133.67º W
Area: 96.8 sq. km   Altitude: 777 m   Shoreline: 64.4 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Nunivak     [1697]
   Group:
   Country: United States - Alaska   Region: Bering Sea
Lat: 60.00º N   Long : 166.00º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: 865 m
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 30 km   group: 30 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 30 km    Isolation Index: 16
ISLAND TYPE: continental      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 11/02/89

Oahu     [446]
Group: Archipelago: Hawaiian Islands
Country: United States - Hawaii: Pacific
Lat: 21.50º NLong: 157.95º W
Area: 1583.3 sq. km   Altitude: 1227 m   Shoreline: 203.9 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic

Padre     [1976]
   Group:
   Country: United States - Texas   Region: Gulf of Mexico
Lat: 27.00º N   Long : 97.63º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 1 km   group: 2 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 2 km    Isolation Index: 4
ISLAND TYPE: continental      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Conservation support: tenure, government support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 0.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
Last updated: 04/08/90

Pearl and Hermes Reef   - including South-East    [1486]
   Group: Archipelago: Hawaiian Islands
   Country: United States - Hawaii   Region: Oceania
Lat: 27.56º N   Long : 176.10º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: 3 m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 170 km   group: 2500 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 3000 km    Isolation Index: 118
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 6 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           
Windward and leeward atoll reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 3
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 2   Marine: 1
  seabird rookery, turtle nesting area, Hawaiian Monk Seal
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, visited occasionally by scientists
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Conservation support: tenure, government support,legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 0.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 7   Moderate
CI-Marine: 5   Moderate
Last updated: 29/07/90

Pine     [1150]
   Group:
   Country: United States - Florida   Region: Gulf of Mexico
Lat: 26.53º N   Long : 82.12º W
Area: 82.2 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Shoreline: 69.6 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.8467
Depth to nearest land: <100 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 5 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 5 km    Isolation Index: 7
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 21/08/88

Point au Fer     [1975]
   Group:
   Country: United States - Louisiana   Region: Gulf of Mexico
Lat: 29.28º N   Long : 91.83º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 1 km   group: 2 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 2 km    Isolation Index: 4
ISLAND TYPE: continental      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 04/08/90

Popof     [1154]
   Group: Shumagin Islands   Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
   Country: United States - Alaska
Lat: 55.33º N   Long : 160.38º W
Area: 95.4 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Shoreline: 54.7 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.5734
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 3 km   group: 15 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 15 km    Isolation Index: 9
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 21/08/88

Prince of Wales     [458]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 55.50º NLong: 132.84º W
Area: 6675.1 sq. km   Altitude: 1217 m   Shoreline: 1634.9 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Raspberry     [412]
Group: Archipelago: Kodiak Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 58.06º NLong: 153.08º W
Area: 200.4 sq. km   Altitude: 747 m   Shoreline: 93.2 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Revillagigedo     [453]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 55.58º NLong: 131.32º W
Area: 2965.1 sq. km   Altitude: 1400 m   Shoreline: 577.8 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

San Clemente     [397]
Group: Archipelago: California Channel Islands
Country: United States - California: Pacific
Lat: 32.92º NLong: 118.48º W
Area: 151.8 sq. km   Altitude: 599 m   Shoreline: 80.9 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: continental

San Fernando     [1153]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 55.50º NLong: 133.40º W
Area: 89.4 sq. km   Altitude: ? m Shoreline: 47.5 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

San Miguel     [1141]
   Group: Archipelago: California Channel Islands
   Country: United States - California
Lat: 34.03º N   Long : 120.37º W
Area: 40.7 sq. km   Altitude: 262 m
Shoreline: 36.3 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.8919
Depth to nearest land: >201 m
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 42 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 42 km    Isolation Index: 15
ISLAND TYPE: continental      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Tertiary rocks and Pleistocene terrace deposits, Eocene marine sediments on western part of island, Miocene volcanic rock on eastern side; sedimentary soils, caliche eolianite; sea temperature 10-16xC, mean 13xC
CLIMATE: dry  temperate  -1-38C, mean 21C
WATER BALANCE: variable from severe drought to wet years
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: drought, fire, oil spills
   Threat Indicator: 3
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 4    Marine: 2
Coastal dune, coastal bluff, coastal sage scrub, coastal salt marsh; sandy beach, rocky shore; sea temperature 10-16xC, mean 13xC
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  263 0 0
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 3 0 0
Land birds 29 0 0
Mammals 2 0 1

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: 263 species, including 12 group endemics Reptiles/amphibians: 2 lizards 1 salamander Birds: 29 species, 4 group endemics Mammals: 2 native mammals Urocyon littoralis (Island Fox) group endemic (Deer Mouse) group endemic
SPECIES RICHNESS:
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 3
moderate
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
    18 group endemics
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 3   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery, major pinniped rookery
  Chumash archaeological sites; 6 species of breeding pinnipeds
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  introduced Rattus rattus (Black Rat), grasses

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, park rangers and researchers
  Population: 1 (1989)   Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 0.0%/yr   Stable
  Major Human Activities: national park
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Chumash indians arrived 10,000 years ago; sheep ranching 1850-1950; Navy bombing range 1950-1960; National Park
Conservation support: tenure, government and public support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 7  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 40.7 sq. km    Marine: 190 sq. km
Channel Islands National Park (23,042 ha)
DATA RELIABILITY: good recent    Data Rel. Indicator: 3
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 13   Moderate
CI-Marine: 10   Moderate
REFERENCES:
Channel Islands National Park. 1989. Data sheets for Anacapa, Santa Barbara, Santa Rosa, San Miguel.
Last updated: 14/05/89

San Nicholas     [1142]
Group: Archipelago: California Channel Islands
Country: United States - California: Pacific
Lat: 33.25º NLong: 119.50º W
Area: 57.4 sq. km   Altitude: 276 m   Shoreline: 35.6 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: continental

Sanak     [389]
   Group: Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
   Country: United States - Alaska
Lat: 54.45º N   Long : 162.67º W
Area: 127.7 sq. km   Altitude: 530 m
Shoreline: 70.7 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.5536
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 20 km   group: 50 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 50 km    Isolation Index: 19
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 01/08/88

Santa Barbara     [1691]
   Group: Archipelago: California Channel Islands
   Country: United States - California
Lat: 33.48º N   Long : 119.03º W
Area: 2.6 sq. km   Altitude: 191 m
Shoreline: 8.0 km (scale 1:)   Coastal Index: 3.0769
Depth to nearest land: >501 m
Nearest island: 38 km   group: 61 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 61 km    Isolation Index: 22
ISLAND TYPE: continental      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Cenezoic underwater volcanics 24-38 million years old, uplifted, submerged during Pliocene and early Pleistocene; soil of silt and clay; ocean temperature 11-21xC, mean 18xC
CLIMATE: dry  temperate  4-36C, mean 16C, 300 mm
WATER BALANCE: dry
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: fire, oil spills
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 5    Marine: 1
Grasslands (alien dominated), coastal bluffs, three scrub/ shrub communities; rocky shores
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  116 3 3
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 1 1 0
Land birds 14 0 1
Mammals 1 0 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: 116 plant species, 3 endemic, 14 group endemics Eriogonum giganteum compactum (Buckwheat) endemic, rare Dudleya traskiae (Santa Barbara Live Forever) endemic, endangered Platystemon californicus (Poppy) endemic Malacothrix philbrickii (Marsh Mallow) endemic Astralagus traskiae, rare Reptiles/amphibians: 1 reptile Xantusia riversiana (Santa Barbara Night Lizard) endemic, threatened Birds: 14 nesting land bird species, 3 group endemics 11 nesting seabirds Mammals: 1 land mammal (Deer Mouse) group endemic major rookery for California Sea Lion Elephant Seal breeding
SPECIES RICHNESS:
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 3
poor
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 2
    3 plants, 1 reptile
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 2   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery sea lion/seal rookery
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 4
  60% of vegetation is alien grasses
Mesembryanthemum crystallinum (Crystalline Iceplant) spreading
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, park ranger
  Population: 1 (1989)   Density: 0.4 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 0.0%/yr   Stable
  Major Human Activities: national park
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Visited by Gabrielino indians and itinerant fishermen, colonized by ranching family in early 1900s; small number of researcher and visitors
Conservation support: tenure, government & public support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 7  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 2.6 sq. km    Marine: 13 sq. km
Channel Islands National Park (1,611 ha)
DATA RELIABILITY: recent    Data Rel. Indicator: 3
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 4
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 11   Moderate
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
REFERENCES:
Channel Islands National Park. 1989. Data sheets for Anacapa, Santa Barbara, Santa Rosa, San Miguel.
Last updated: 07/05/89

Santa Catalina     [411]
Group: Archipelago: California Channel Islands
Country: United States - California: Pacific
Lat: 33.39º NLong: 118.43º W
Area: 193.2 sq. km   Altitude: 648 m   Shoreline: 83.7 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: continental

Santa Cruz     [419]
   Group: Archipelago: California Channel Islands
   Country: United States - California
Lat: 34.00º N   Long : 119.74º W
Area: 255.7 sq. km   Altitude: 753 m
Shoreline: 98.0 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.3833
Depth to nearest land: >201 m
Nearest island: 7 km   group: 30 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 30 km    Isolation Index: 14
ISLAND TYPE: continental      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Two mountain ranges with complex continental structure of metamorphic, igneous and sedimentary rocks, major earthquake faults
CLIMATE: dry  temperate 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: drought, fire, earthquakes, oil spills
   Threat Indicator: 4
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 10    Marine: 3
Pine forest, woodland, grassland, chaparral scrub, coastal sage; riparian marsh, streams and springs; sea cliffs, dunes, coastal beaches, rocky shores
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  420 8 19
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 0 0 0
Land birds 130 1 0
Mammals 13 2 0

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: 600 species, 420 native, including 40 group endemics, 8 island endemics Mimulus brandegei (Santa Cruz Island Monkey Flower) endemic, presumed extinct (last collected 1932) Sibara filifolia (Santa Cruz Island Rock Cress) endemic, presumed extinct Aphanisma blitoides, endangered Arabis hoffmannii (Hoffmann's Rock Cress) endemic, presumed extinct Castilleja hololeuca (White-felted Paint Brush) endangered Dudleya candelabrum (Candle Holder Dudleya) endangered Dudleya nesiotica (Santa Cruz Island Dudleya) endemic, endangered Galium buxifolium (Island Bedstraw) endangered Helianthemum greenei (Island Rock Rose) endangered Heuchera maxima (Island Alum Root) endangered Lotus argophyllus niveus (Santa Cruz Island Bird's Foot Trefoil) endemic, endangered Lyonothamnus floribundus asplenifolius, endangered Mahonia pinnata insularis (Island Barberry) endangered Malacothamnus fasiculatus nesioticus (Santa Cruz Island Bush Mallow) endemic, endangered Orobanche parishii brachyloba (Short-lobed Broomrape) endangered Quercus tomentella (Island Oak) endangered Sanicula hoffmannii (Hoffmann's Sanicle) endangered Thysanocarpus conchuliferus (Santa Cruz Island Fringe Pod) endangered Eschscholzia ramosa (Island Poppy) endangered Malacothrix indecora, endangered Malacothrix squalida, endangered Arctostaphylos tomentosa subcordata (Santa Cruz Island Manzanita) endemic Arctostaphylos viridissima (White-haired Manzanita) endemic Reptiles/Amphibians: 8 native species, 3 group endemic subspecies Birds: 130 species of land birds, including 40 native species breeding locally 8 group endemic subspecies shared with some other Channel Islands Aphelocoma coerulescens insularis (Santa Cruz Island Scrub Jay) endemic Mammals: 13 terrestrial mammals Reithrodontomys megalotis santacruzae (Harvest Mouse) endemic subspecies Peromyscus maniculatus santacruzae (Deer Mouse) endemic subspecies Urocyon littoralis santacruzae (Island Fox) endemic subspecies Spilogale gracilis amphialis (Spotted Skunk) group endemic subspecies, Santa Cruz and Santa Rosa
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 5  Marine: 4
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 2  Group: 3
    good
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  seabird rookery
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 3
  sheep,cattle, horses, pigs, dogs

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, formerly inhabited, few staff left
  Population: 6 (1989)   Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 0.0%/yr   Stable
  Major Human Activities: ranching/sport hunting, research/education, tourism
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Occupied before 5500 BC, about 3,000 archaeological sites; population of Chumash indians estimated at 2,000-3,000 in 1542, last indians removed to missions in 1814; 19th century colonization with orchards, vinyards and cattle; only sheep ranching continuing at present, mainly for sport hunting; serious overgrazing on 10% of island; University of California research facilities
Conservation support: tenure, government & public support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 7  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 255.7 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
Part of Channel Islands National Park Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary 90% of island is Santa Cruz Island Preserve of the Nature Conservancy
DATA RELIABILITY: good recent    Data Rel. Indicator: 3
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 3
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 26   Very high
CI-Marine: 14   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 14/05/89

Santa Rosa     [413]
   Group: Archipelago: California Channel Islands
   Country: United States - California
Lat: 33.95º N   Long : 120.10º W
Area: 209.0 sq. km   Altitude: 484 m
Shoreline: 69.5 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.3325
Depth to nearest land: >201 m
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 48 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 48 km    Isolation Index: 16
ISLAND TYPE: continental      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
An uplifted sedimentary/volcanic block deformed by folding and faulting; large area of Tertiary sandstones, siltstones, shales and volcanics covered with Quaternary deposits; older Cretaceous rocks on south side; sedimentary soils; sea temperature 10-16xC, mean 13xC
CLIMATE: dry  temperate  air -4-39C, mean 16, 3750 mm
WATER BALANCE: variable from extreme drought to very wet years
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: drought, fires, oil spills
   Threat Indicator: 3
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 9    Marine: 2
Alien-dominated grasslands on 50% of island, coastal bluff, coastal sage scrub, chaparral (scrub), woodlands, pine forests, riparian, freshwater marshes, beach dunes, rocky shores   Forest
   Percent of land: Forested: -9%  Developed: 50%  Degraded: 0%
SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI)
Plants  490 4 13
Butterflies 0 0 0
Land snails 0 0 0
Rept/Amphib 5 0 0
Land birds 35 0 0
Mammals 3 0 2

SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: 490 species, including 4 endemics, 36 group endemics Dudleya blochmanae insularis (Live-forever) endemic Arctostaphylos confertiflora (Manzanita) endemic Gilia tenuiflora hoffmannii (Gilia) endemic Pinus torreyana insularia (Torrey Pine) endemic, rare 12 other rare or endangered species Reptiles/amphibians: 3 reptiles including 1 snake 2 amphibians Birds: 33 nesting bird species plus many migratory species 10 group endemics Mammals: 3 native, 5 introduced Urocyon littoralis (Island Fox) group endemic, rare Spilogale gracilis (Spotted Skunk) group endemic, rare (Deer Mouse) group endemic
SPECIES RICHNESS:
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 3
moderate
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 3
    4 island and 49 group endemics
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 2   Marine: 0
   seals
  Chumash archaeological sites
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 3
  feral animals causing erosion
Alien grasses; feral pigs, cattle, horses; introduced elk, mule deer
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ranch hands, park rangers, researchers
  Population: 14 (1989)   Density: 0.1 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 0.0%/yr   Stable
  Major Human Activities: cattle ranching, national park
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Populated by Chumash indians about 10,000 years ago; visited since late 1700's by itinerant fishermen and seal hunters; ranching families since 1842; active cattle ranch with 6400 head of cattle, 10-20 horses and 6-10 ranch hands; historic World War II buildings, risk of oil spills from passing tankers in Santa Barbara Channel
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 70%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
Conservation support: government and public support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 7  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 209.0 sq. km    Marine: 1086 sq. km
Channel Islands National Park (130,454 ha)
DATA RELIABILITY: good recent    Data Rel. Indicator: 3
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 10
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 18   High
CI-Marine: 10   Moderate
REFERENCES:
Channel Islands National Park. 1989. Data sheets for Anacapa, Santa Barbara, Santa Rosa, San Miguel.
Last updated: 14/05/89

Sedanka     [382]
Group: Fox Islands, Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 53.79º NLong: 166.20º W
Area: 103.3 sq. km   Altitude: 649 m   Shoreline: 68.1 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Seguam     [416]
Group: Andreanof Islands, Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 52.32º NLong: 172.47º W
Area: 215.0 sq. km   Altitude: 1051 m   Shoreline: 65.4 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: active volcano

Semisopochnoi     [417]
Group: Rat Islands, Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 51.96º NLong: 179.13º W
Area: 224.1 sq. km   Altitude: 1220 m   Shoreline: 67.0 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic

Shuyak     [404]
Group: Archipelago: Kodiak Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 58.54º NLong: 152.48º W
Area: 168.3 sq. km   Altitude: 201 m   Shoreline: 107.3 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Sitkalidak     [423]
Group: Archipelago: Kodiak Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 57.16º NLong: 153.16º W
Area: 308.9 sq. km   Altitude: 552 m   Shoreline: 165.1 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Sitkinak     [405]
Group: Trinity Islands, Archipelago: Kodiak Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 56.55º NLong: 154.10º W
Area: 169.1 sq. km   Altitude: 488 m   Shoreline: 63.0 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

St George     [1699]
Group: Archipelago: Pribilof Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 56.55º NLong: 169.60º W Region: Bering Sea
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: continental

St Lawrence (Saint Lawrence)  - including Punuk Islands    [456]
   Group:
   Country: United States - Alaska   Region: Bering Sea
Lat: 63.30º N   Long : 169.15º W
Area: 5134.9 sq. km   Altitude: 672 m
Shoreline: 616.2 km (scale 1:2500000)   Coastal Index: 0.1200
Depth to nearest land: < 50 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 75 km   group: 75 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 75 km    Isolation Index: 26
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
   walrus
  major walrus colony on Punuk Islands
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 0   Low
Last updated: 02/08/88

St Matthew   - including Hall, Pinnacle    [427]
   Group:
   Country: United States - Alaska   Region: Bering Sea
Lat: 60.45º N   Long : 172.70º W
Area: 353.7 sq. km   Altitude: 459 m
Shoreline: 143.2 km (scale 1:2500000)   Coastal Index: 0.4049
Depth to nearest land: <100 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 250 km   group: 350 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 350 km    Isolation Index: 53
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 01/08/88

St Paul     [1698] - including Otter, Walrus
Group: Archipelago: Pribilof Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 57.18º NLong: 170.26º W Region: Bering Sea
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
ISLAND TYPE: continental

Staten     [1971]
   Group:
   Country: United States - New York
Lat: 40.58º N   Long : 74.17º W
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: < 50 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
ISLAND TYPE: continental
CLIMATE:   temperate 
ECOSYSTEMS:           
   Percent of land: Forested: 0%  Developed: 99%  Degraded: 0%
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, city of New York suburbs
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Habitat: highly urbanized   Urban Pop:Urban Indicator: 0
  Accessibility: port
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 10
Last updated: 04/08/90

Stuart     [392]
   Group:
   Country: United States - Alaska   Region: Bering Strait
Lat: 63.58º N   Long : 162.50º W
Area: 144.8 sq. km   Altitude: 146 m
Shoreline: 66.6 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.4599
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 5 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 5 km    Isolation Index: 7
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 01/08/88

Suemez     [398]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 55.25º NLong: 133.34º W
Area: 153.1 sq. km   Altitude: 654 m   Shoreline: 78.4 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Sukkwan     [401]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 55.08º NLong: 132.75º W
Area: 166.9 sq. km   Altitude: 658 m   Shoreline: 86.9 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Sutwik     [1152]
   Group: Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
   Country: United States - Alaska
Lat: 56.55º N   Long : 157.15º W
Area: 86.8 sq. km   Altitude: 294 m
Shoreline: 57.7 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.6647
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 10 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 10 km    Isolation Index: 9
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 21/08/88

Tanaga     [436]
Group: Andreanof Islands, Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 51.28º NLong: 178.08º W
Area: 528.5 sq. km   Altitude: 1804 m   Shoreline: 188.6 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: Volcanic

Tugidak     [408]
Group: Trinity Islands, Archipelago: Kodiak Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 56.50º NLong: 154.58º W
Area: 179.9 sq. km   Altitude: ? m Shoreline: 102.5 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Uganik     [393]
Group:
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 57.86º NLong: 153.35º W
Area: 146.7 sq. km   Altitude: 152 m   Shoreline: 74.0 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Umnak     [447]
   Group: Fox Islands   Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
   Country: United States - Alaska
Lat: 53.23º N   Long : 168.34º W
Area: 1793.2 sq. km   Altitude: 2162 m
Shoreline: 330.2 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.1841
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 250 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 300 km    Isolation Index: 36
ISLAND TYPE: active volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 02/08/88

Unalaska     [451]
   Group: Fox Islands   Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
   Country: United States - Alaska
Lat: 53.62º N   Long : 166.88º W
Area: 2722.1 sq. km   Altitude: 1140 m
Shoreline: 836.5 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.3073
Depth to nearest land: <100 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 250 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 300 km    Isolation Index: 36
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 02/08/88

Unga     [435]
   Group: Shumagin Islands   Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
   Country: United States - Alaska
Lat: 55.27º N   Long : 160.67º W
Area: 461.3 sq. km   Altitude: 696 m
Shoreline: 179.2 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.3885
Depth to nearest land: <200 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 3 km   group: 5 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 5 km    Isolation Index: 6
ISLAND TYPE:      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 02/08/88

Unimak     [455]
   Group: Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
   Country: United States - Alaska
Lat: 54.82º N   Long : 164.00º W
Area: 4118.6 sq. km   Altitude: 2858 m
Shoreline: 419.8 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.1019
Depth to nearest land: <100 m   Island only isolated since last ice age
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 5 km
Nearest continent: North America    Distance: 5 km    Isolation Index: 7
ISLAND TYPE: active volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
ECOSYSTEMS:           
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, ?
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Last updated: 02/08/88

Wake (Enenkio)  - including Wake, Wilkes, Peale    [1677]
   Group:
   Country: United States - Wake Island   Region: North Pacific
Lat: 19.30º N   Long : 166.58º E
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 5000 m
Nearest island: 550 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3500 km    Isolation Index: 113
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           
Windward and leeward atoll reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: military (naval air base)
  Accessibility: port, airport
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 3   Low
Last updated: 06/02/89

Wrangell     [438]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 56.48º NLong: 132.15º W
Area: 559.9 sq. km   Altitude: 991 m   Shoreline: 146.8 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Yakobi     [414]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 57.96º NLong: 136.47º W
Area: 212.4 sq. km   Altitude: 869 m   Shoreline: 97.7 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

Yunaska     [406]
Group: Islands of the Four Mountains, Archipelago: Aleutian Islands
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 52.65º NLong: 170.70º W
Area: 172.4 sq. km   Altitude: 950 m   Shoreline: 66.3 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE: active volcano

Zarembo     [168]
Group: Archipelago: Alexander Archipelago
Country: United States - Alaska: Pacific
Lat: 56.35º NLong: 132.84º W
Area: 478.3 sq. km   Altitude: 776 m   Shoreline: 99.3 km (scale 1:1000000)
ISLAND TYPE:

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