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ISLAND DIRECTORY

Islands of Maldives



Addu (Seenu)  - including Gan    [1635]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 0.28º S   Long : 72.43º E
Area: 15.7 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 15.7 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 30 km   group: 500 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 1150 km    Isolation Index: 62
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 8 large islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Coral atoll, part of a long chain of islands on a volcanic aseismic ridge. The atoll islands are covered by a thin layer of soil composed of sand, broken pieces of parental coral of various sizes and varying quantities of organic matter.
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2810 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted groundwater and rain water catchment
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Maldives has a very diverse marine fauna with 1100 known species and estimated total exceeding 1500.
SPECIES RICHNESS:
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
few
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few endemic species
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 0   Marine: 0
  wetland
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 17648 (1995)   Density: 1124 persons/sq. km
  Maximum known population: 17648
  Growth Rate: 2.8%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: fishing, agriculture, coconuts,, tourism
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Habitat: scattered islands   Urban Pop:Urban Indicator: 0
  Accessibility: port, airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY: good    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 46
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 18   High
REFERENCES:
MPHRE, May 1998
Last updated: 19/05/98

Ari (Alifu)    [1626]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 3.50º N   Long : 72.75º E
Area: 12.2 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 12.2 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 600 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 600 km    Isolation Index: 56
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Coral atoll on aseismic volcanic ridge. Islands with thin layer of soil composed of sand, broken coral pieces and varying amounts of organic matter.
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2700 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted groundwater and rain water catchment
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 0
  affected by Acanthaster, mid 1970s

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 11744 (1995)   Density: 962.6 persons/sq. km
  Maximum known population: 11744
  Growth Rate: 2.8%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: agriculture, coconuts, fishing,, tourism
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Accessibility: port   Annual tourist arrivals: 75927
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 5   Area: Terrestrial: 0.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km

DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 46
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 18   High
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 20/05/98

Fadippolu (Lhaviyani, Fadiffolu, Faadhippolhu)    [1637]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 5.22º N   Long : 73.33º E
Area: 1.7 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 1.7 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 20 km   group: 550 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 550 km    Isolation Index: 51
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Coral atoll on aseismic volcanic ridge. Islands with thin soil composed of sand, coral fragments and variable organic matter.
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2600 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted groundwater and rain water catchment
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 8847 (1995)   Density: 5204 persons/sq. km
  Maximum known population: 8847
  Growth Rate: 2.8%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: fishing, tourism,, coconuts
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Percent population in tourism: 2.3%
  Habitat: scattered islands   Urban Pop:Urban Indicator: 0
  Accessibility: port   Annual tourist arrivals: 10091
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 0.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km

DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 99
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 18   High
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 20/05/98

Felidu (Vaavu, Felidhu)    [1627]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 3.50º N   Long : 73.50º E
Area: 0.9 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 0.9 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 12 km   group: 680 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 680 km    Isolation Index: 56
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Coral atoll on aseismic volcanic ridge. Islands covered by thin layer of soil composed of sand, coral fragments and variable organic matter.
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2700 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted ground water and rainwater catchment
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 1779 (1995)   Density: 1977 persons/sq. km
  Maximum known population: 1779
  Growth Rate: 2.8%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, fishing,, tourism
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Accessibility: port   Annual tourist arrivals: 6543
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 2   Area: Terrestrial: 0.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km

DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 99
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 18   High
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 20/05/98

Foa Mulaku (Gnaviyani, Foammulah)    [1634]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 0.28º S   Long : 72.43º E
Area: 4.7 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 4.7 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 30 km   group: 580 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 1150 km    Isolation Index: 63
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Coral atoll on aseismic volcanic ridge. Islands with thin soil composed of sand, coral fragments and variable organic matter.
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2800 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted groundwater and rain water catchment
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 6971 (1995)   Density: 1483 persons/sq. km
  Maximum known population: 6971
  Growth Rate: 2.8%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: agriculture, coconuts,, fishing
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Accessibility: port
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 60
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 18   High
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 20/05/98

Haddunmathi (Laamu, Haddummati, Hadhdhunmathi)    [1632]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 1.92º N   Long : 73.42º E
Area: 26.1 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 26.1 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 25 km   group: 820 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 820 km    Isolation Index: 62
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Coral atoll on aseismic volcanic ridge. Islands with thin soil composed of sand, coral fragments and variable organic matter.
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2800 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted groundwater and rain water catchment
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 10192 (1995)   Density: 390.5 persons/sq. km
  Maximum known population: 10192
  Growth Rate: 2.8%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: fishing, agriculture,, coconuts
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Accessibility: port, airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 17
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 18   High
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 20/05/98

Horsburgh     [1636]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 4.80º N   Long : 72.90º E
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 20 km   group: 600 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 600 km    Isolation Index: 53
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2700 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted ground water
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Conservation support: tenure, government support, legislation
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 0.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 3
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 6   Moderate
CI-Marine: 20   High
Last updated: 20/05/98

Huvadu (Gaafu Alifu/Dhaalu, Suvadiva)  - including North and South Huvadu    [1633]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 0.50º N   Long : 73.27º E
Area: 38.5 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 38.5 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 640 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 1000 km    Isolation Index: 64
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Coral atoll on aseismic volcanic ridge. Islands with thin soil composed of sand, coral fragments and variable organic matter.
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2800 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted groundwater and rain water catchment
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 20148 (1995)   Density: 523.3 persons/sq. km
  Maximum known population: 20148
  Growth Rate: 2.8%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: agriculture, fishing,, coconuts
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Accessibility: port
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 22
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 18   High
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 20/05/98

Kelai (Ihavandiffulu)    [1643]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 6.78º N   Long : 73.02º E
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 170 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 450 km    Isolation Index: 36
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2540 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted groundwater and rain water catchment
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: agriculture, coconuts,, fishing
  Accessibility: port
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 18   High
Last updated: 20/05/98

Kolhumadulu (Thaa, Kolumadulu)    [1631]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 2.92º N   Long : 73.17º E
Area: 8.9 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 8.9 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 15 km   group: 800 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 800 km    Isolation Index: 60
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Coral atoll on aseismic volcanic ridge. Islands with thin soil composed of sand, coral fragments and variable organic matter.
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2800 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted ground water and rain water catchment
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 9651 (1995)   Density: 1084 persons/sq. km
  Maximum known population: 9651
  Growth Rate: 2.8%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: agriculture, fishing,, coconuts
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Habitat: scattered islands   Urban Pop:Urban Indicator: 0
  Accessibility: port
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 44
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 18   High
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 20/05/98

Maalosmadulu, North (Raa, North Malosmadulu)    [1639]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 5.50º N   Long : 72.55º E
Area: 13.1 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 13.1 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 300 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 600 km    Isolation Index: 44
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Coral atoll on aseismic volcanic ridge. Islands with thin soil composed of sand, coral fragments and variable organic matter.
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2600 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted groundwater and rain water catchment
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 12528 (1995)   Density: 956.3 persons/sq. km
  Maximum known population: 12528
  Growth Rate: 2.8%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: fishing, agriculture,, coconuts
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Habitat: scattered islands   Urban Pop:Urban Indicator: 0
  Accessibility: port
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 39
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 18   High
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 20/05/98

Maalosmadulu, South (Baa, South Malosmadulu)    [1638]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 5.10º N   Long : 72.55º E
Area: 15.1 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 15.1 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 450 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 600 km    Isolation Index: 48
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Coral atoll on aseismic volcanic ridge. Islands with thin soil composed of sand, coral fragments and variable organic matter.
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2600 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted groundwater and rain water catchment
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 8727 (1995)   Density: 577.9 persons/sq. km
  Maximum known population: 8727
  Growth Rate: 2.8%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: fishing, agriculture, coconuts,, tourism
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Maldivian Field Station of International Institute for Submarine Research (Vaduz, Liechtenstein) on Kunfunadhoo Island
  Habitat: scattered islands   Urban Pop:Urban Indicator: 0
  Accessibility: port   Annual tourist arrivals: 220
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 24
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 18   High
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 20/05/98

Makunudhu Makunudu    [1641]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 6.30º N   Long : 72.60º E
Area: 0.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 30 km   group: 300 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 500 km    Isolation Index: 45
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2600 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted groundwater and rain water catchment
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 0 (1985)   Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: fishing, coconuts
  Accessibility: port
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 18   High
Last updated: 20/05/98

Male' (Kaafu)    [1625]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 4.75º N   Long : 73.25º E
Area: 10.6 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 10.6 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 60 km   group: 600 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 600 km    Isolation Index: 57
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Coral atoll on aseismic volcanic ridge; thin soil layer on islands composed of sand, broken coral pieces and varying quantities of organic matter
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2700 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted groundwater/rainwater; desalinization
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes, major fires, oil spills
   Threat Indicator: 4
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Black coral; Triton shells; Eels; Lobster; Stony corals; Bait fish; Trochus shells; Skates and Rays; Dolphins; Parrot fish; Whales; Bigeye scad; Pearl Oysters; Turtles; Puffer fish
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few endemic species
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 0
  North Male affected by Acanthaster, mid 1980s
Acanthaster killed up to 85% of corals on some reefs, mid 1980s
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, capital city Male'
  Population: 62973 (1995)   Density: 5941 persons/sq. km
  Maximum known population: 62973
  Growth Rate: 2.8%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: fishing, tourism
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Very high population density
  Habitat: urban centre   Urban Pop: 62793  Urban Indicator: 9
  Accessibility: port, airport  Annual tourist arrivals: 223946
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 9   Area: Terrestrial: 0.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km

DATA RELIABILITY: good    Data Rel. Indicator: 3
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 99
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 6   Moderate
CI-Marine: 20   High
REFERENCES:
Statistical Yearbook of Maldives 1983 and 1997; Fifth National Development Plan 1997
Last updated: 19/05/98

Miladunmadulu (Noonu/Shaviyani, Miladummadulu)  - including North and South    [1640]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 5.83º N   Long : 73.00º E
Area: 26.3 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 26.3 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 300 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 520 km    Isolation Index: 43
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Coral atoll on aseismic volcanic ridge. Islands with thin soil composed of sand, coral fragments and variable organic matter.
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2600 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted groundwater and rain water catchment
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 20558 (1995)   Density: 781.7 persons/sq. km
  Maximum known population: 20558
  Growth Rate: 2.8%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: fishing, agriculture,, coconuts
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Habitat: scattered islands   Urban Pop:Urban Indicator: 0
  Accessibility: port
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 32
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 18   High
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 20/05/98

Mulaku (Meemu)    [1630]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 2.95º N   Long : 73.57º E
Area: 3.7 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 3.7 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 20 km   group: 720 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 720 km    Isolation Index: 58
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Coral atoll on aseismic volcanic ridge. Islands with thin soil composed of sand, coral fragments and variable organic matter.
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2700 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted ground water and rain water catchment
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 4810 (1995)   Density: 1300 persons/sq. km
  Maximum known population: 4810
  Growth Rate: 2.8%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: fishing, agriculture,, coconuts
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Accessibility: port
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 53
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 18   High
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 20/05/98

Nilande, North (Faafu, North Nilande)    [1628]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 3.10º N   Long : 72.92º E
Area: 1.8 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 1.8 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 750 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 750 km    Isolation Index: 57
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Coral atoll on aseismic volcanic ridge. Islands covered by thin layer of soil composed of sand, coral fragments and variable organic matter.
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2700 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted ground water and rain water catchment
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 3167 (1995)   Density: 1759 persons/sq. km
  Maximum known population: 3167
  Growth Rate: 2.8%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: fishing, agriculture,, coconuts
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Habitat: scattered islands   Urban Pop:Urban Indicator: 0
  Accessibility: port
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 71
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 18   High
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 20/05/98

Nilande, South (Dhaalu, South Nilandu)    [1629]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 2.80º N   Long : 72.92º E
Area: 4.2 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 4.2 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 750 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 750 km    Isolation Index: 57
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Coral atoll on aseismic volcanic ridge. Islands with thin soil composed of sand, coral fragments and variable organic matter.
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2700 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted groundwater and rain water catchment
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 4825 (1995)   Density: 1149 persons/sq. km
  Maximum known population: 4825
  Growth Rate: 2.8%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: fishing, agriculture,, coconuts
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Habitat: scattered islands   Urban Pop:Urban Indicator: 0
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 47
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 18   High
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 20/05/98

Thiladunmathi (Haa Alifu/Dhaalu, Thiladhunmathi)  - including North and South    [1642]
   Group: Archipelago: Maldives
   Country: Maldives
Lat: 6.50º N   Long : 72.83º E
Area: 24.7 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Land < 5 m elevation: 24.7 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 2000 m
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 200 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 460 km    Isolation Index: 38
ISLAND TYPE: atoll      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Coral atoll on aseismic volcanic ridge. Islands with thin soil composed of sand, coral fragments and variable organic matter.
CLIMATE: monsoon  tropical  27C, 2600 mm
WATER BALANCE: restricted groundwater and rain water catchment
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, earthquakes
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 4
Grassland, scrub, fruit trees and coconuts; Windward and leeward atoll reefs, knolls and patch reefs, lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:

  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 5
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
    very few
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 28426 (1995)   Density: 1151 persons/sq. km
  Maximum known population: 28426
  Growth Rate: 2.8%/yr   Increasing
  Major Human Activities: fishing, agriculture,, coconuts
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Habitat: scattered islands   Urban Pop:Urban Indicator: 0
  Accessibility: port, airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 22%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 439 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 47
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 18   High
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 20/05/98

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