United Nations System-Wide

The following inter-agency and agency components and activities make contributions to the system-wide Earthwatch.

Major Inter-Agency Components of UN System-wide Earthwatch

Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) WMO, IOC, ICSU, UNEP 
Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), 
     Global Coastal Zone and Shelf Sea 
     (monitoring coral reefs, mangroves, 
     plankton community structure)
     Monitoring and Assessment of Marine 
     Living Resources
     Assessment and Prediction of the Health of 
     the Ocean
Global Terrestrial Observing System
Global Environment Monitoring System 
     GEMS/Water (water quality) WHO, UNEP, WMO, UNESCO
     GEMS/Air (urban air quality) WHO, WMO, UNEP
     GEMS/HEALS (human exposure) WHO
     GEMS/Food (food contamination) WHO, FAO
     GERMON (env. radiation)  WHO
Global Environment Outlook (GEO) UNEP, collaborating centres, system-wide  Earthwatch
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)  WMO, UNEP 
World Climate Programme (WCP), including World Climate Research Programme (WCRP), World Climate Impacts and Response Strategies Programme (WCIRP)  WMO, IOC, ICSU, UNEP, ESCAP 
Information Unit on Conventions UNEP, WMO, FCCC, CBD, CCD, etc. 
Working Group on Biosafety (risks of biotechnology applications)  UNIDO, UNEP, WHO, FAO 
World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) UNEP, IUCN, WWF 
OCHA/UNEP Environment Unit OCHA, UNEP 
International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS)  WHO, UNEP, ILO 
Interorganization Programme on Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC)  WHO, UNEP, ILO, FAO, OECD, UNIDO 
Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (GESAMP) IMO, FAO, UNESCO-IOC, WMO, WHO, IAEA, UN and UNEP 
Global Investigations of Pollution in the Marine Environment (GIPME) and Marine Pollution Monitoring (MARPOLMON), including International Mussel Watch Programme  IOC, UNEP 
Marine Environmental Studies Laboratory (MESL)  IAEA, IOC, UNEP 
Ocean Science in relation to Living Resources programme (OSLR)  IOC, FAO 
Global Urban Observatory Programme  UNCHS, World Bank 
Joint Water Supply and Sanitation Monitoring Programme  WHO, UNICEF 
Global Environmental Epidemiology Network (GEENET)  WHO, UNEP 
Global Environmental Technology Network (GETNET) WHO, UNEP 
Global Environmental Library Network (GELNET)  WHO, UNEP 
Health and Environment Analysis for Decision-making (HEADLAMP) WHO, UNEP, USEPA 
Environmental Health Human Resources Project WHO, UNEP, UNESCO, CRE 
Agromet Network  FAO, WMO 
Soil Map of the World  FAO, UNESCO 
Soil and Terrain (SOTER) project  UNEP, International Soil Science Society, International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC), FAO 
Global Network on Isotopes in Precipitation (GNIP) IAEA, WMO 


Major Agency Components of Earthwatch


United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), Division for Sustainable Development (DSD)

United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), Environment and Energy Statistics Branch

United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women (UNDAW)

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

United Nations Office of the Coordinator of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) Humanitarian Early Warning System

UNCHS Human Settlements Database
UNCHS City Data Programme
UNCHS Global Urban Observatory

UNCTAD Trade Control Measures Information System (TCMIS)
UNCTAD Trade Analysis and Information System (TRAINS) including GREENTRADE
UNCTAD Trade, Environment and Commodities
UNCTAD Ad Hoc Working Group on Trade, Environment and Development

United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM)

UNDP Integrated Programme Management System and country offices
UNDP Sustainable Development Networking Programme (SDNP)
UNDP Small Island Developing States Network (SIDSNET)
UNDP Human Development Report office
UNDP Office to Combat Desertification and Drought (UNSO)

UNEP Division of Environmental Information, Assessment and Early Warning, including:
- UN System-wide Earthwatch Coordination
- Global Environment Outlook process
- Global Resource Information Database (GRID) centres
- Regional Environment and Natural Resource Information Networking (ENRIN)
- INFOTERRA network for information access
- UNEPnet
- Global Environment Monitoring System (GEMS)
- Global International Waters Assessment (GIWA)
UNEP Division of Environmental Conventions:
- UNEP Regional Seas Conventions
UNEP Division of Environmental Policy Implementation:
- Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities
- Regional Seas Programmes and Action Plans
UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics
- Production and Consumption
- International Environmental Technology Centre
- Chemicals (IRPTC)
UNEP Regional Offices
United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR)

United Nations Information Systems Coordination Committee (ISCC)

United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)

UN International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW)

UN Office of Outer Space Affairs

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)

United Nations University (UNU)


ECA Environment Unit

ECE Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of Long-range Transmission of
Air Pollutants in Europe
ECE International Cooperative Programme on Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution
Effects on Forests
ECE International Cooperative Programme on Assessment and Monitoring of Acidification
of Rivers and Lakes
ECE International Cooperative Programme on Effects of Air Pollution on Materials, including
     Historic and Cultural Monuments
ECE International Cooperative Programme for Research on Evaluating Effects of Air
Pollutants and Other Stresses on Agricultural Crops
ECE International Cooperative Programme in Integrated Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects
on Ecosystems
ECE International Environmental Data Service


ESCAP Assessment of State of Environment in Asia and the Pacific, Environment Section,
     ENRM Division
ESCAP Indicators for Asia and the Pacific, Statistics Division
ESCAP Quality of life in the ESCAP region, Social Development Division

ESCWA Compendium of Social Statistics and Indicators


Global Environment Facility (GEF)

FAO Statistics Division
FAO GIS Remote Sensing Centre
FAO Land and Water, including Soil Resources Database, Land-use Type Database, Land
     Resources Database and evaluation software, Climate Database, AQUASTAT rural
     water resources database, Crop Resources Database, World Agricultural Information
     Centre (WAICENT), K-2 agricultural policy analysis tool, EcoZone, Africa Real-Time
     Environmental Monitoring and Information System (ARTEMIS), Global Information
     and Early Warning System (GIEWS)
FAO Forest Resources Division, including Forest Resource Assessments
FAO Forest Policy and Planning Division, including production, trade and consumption of
     forest products
FAO/FIR Fishery Resources Division (resources monitoring)
FAO Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Service, including Statistical Monitoring of
     World Fisheries

IAEA Seibersdorf Laboratory and Analytical Quality Control Service
IAEA Marine Environment Laboratory
IAEA PRIS database on nuclear power reactors
IAEA International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
IAEA Emergency Response System

ICAO Statistics Programme
ICAO Exhaust Emissions Data Bank
ICAO Research on Atmospheric Effects of Aviation database

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

ILO Bureau of Statistics

IMF Statistics Department (macroeconomic statistics)
IMF Fiscal Affairs Department (structural policies, database of environmental conditions and

IMO Administrative Secretariat for GESAMP

IOC Integrated Global Ocean Services System (IGOSS)
IOC Data Management, including Integrated Oceanographic Data Information Exchange
IOC Large Marine Ecosystems (LME) programme
IOC Harmful Algal Blooms (HAB) programme
IOC: see also inter-agency activities GOOS, GIPME, OSLR, WCP

UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) programme
UNESCO International Hydrological Programme (IHP)
UNESCO International Geological Correlation Programme (IGCP)
UNESCO International Mobile Early Warning System for Volcanic Eruptions (IMEWS)
UNESCO International Tsunami Warning System (ITWS)


World Bank Environment Department, including Environmentally Sustainable Development
     (ESD) Indicators, Natural Capital Indicators
World Bank Regional Environment Divisions
World Bank Agriculture, Land Quality Indicators (LQI)
World Bank Industrial Pollution Projection System (IPPS) and Decision Support System

WHO Division of Epidemiological Surveillance and Health Situation and Trend Assessment
     (HST), including WHO Statistical Information System (WHOSIS), Mortality Data Base
WHO Division of Emergency and Humanitarian Action, Emergency Information System
WHO Health-related Environmental Monitoring, including:
     air quality monitoring (GEMS/Air),
     water quality monitoring (GEMS/Water)
WHO Rural Environmental Health Unit, including monitoring of water supply and sanitation
WHO Office of Global and Integrated Environmental Health, including:
     Health and Environment Analysis for Decision-making (HEADLAMP),
     Environmental Health Information for the Management of Development Activities (EHMDAC)
     Global Environmental Epidemiology Network (GEENET)
     Global Environmental Technology Network (GETNET)
     Global Environmental Library Network (GELNET)
WHO Programme for the Promotion of Chemical Safety (see IPCS above), including
     IPCS/INTOX package for diagnosis/treatment of poisonings

WMO World Weather Watch Programme
WMO Global Atmosphere Watch Programme, including:
     Background Air Pollution Monitoring Network (BAPMoN)
     Global Ozone Observing System (GO3OS)
WMO Hydrology and Water Resources Programme, including:
     World Hydrological Cycle Observing System (WHYCOS)
WMO: see also inter-agency activities World Climate Programme, GCOS, GOOS, GTOS

Some global conventions with reporting requirements contributing information for decision-making

Basel Convention on the Control of the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Other Wastes and their Disposal (UNEP)

Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft (IMO)

Convention on Biological Diversity (UNEP): Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical
and Technological Advice, clearing house mechanism and information exchange

Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident; Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency (IAEA)

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (UNEP)

Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (UNEP)

Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa (UN)

Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade (UNEP)

Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, Montreal Protocol and London Amendment, Ozone Secretariat (UNEP): Scientific Assessments of Ozone Depletion (UNEP, WMO, NASA, NOAA)

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UN)

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UN): Communication and Review Process (CRP) and Climate Convention Information Exchange Programme

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UN System-wide Earthwatch Coordination, Geneva